1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
<b>Before Christ, the Spirit of God came upon certain individuals or groups in a temporary way to enable them to accomplish God’s purposes (Exodus 31:3; Judges 14:6; I Samuel 16:13; 2 Chron. 20:14.) Now, gathered together in 'One accord' the time had come for the fulfillment of Christ’s promise to send his Spirit completely and permanently upon all believers (Luke 24:49; John 14:16-17, 26; 16:5-15.) This marvelous outpouring of God was to provide His power, desire and direction for believers to take the life-changing message of the gospel to the ends of the earth (Acts 1:8.) Pentecost means fifty, which is the Feast of First Fruits. They were most likely in the Temple (Acts 2:6 mentions a large crowd)there were about 120 believers (Acts 1:15) being the 9 am prayer-time.</b>
2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
<b>The sound from heaven not a wind but sounding like a mighty wind (John 3:8), Filling the whole house (Luke 11:36.)</b>
3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
<b>John prophesied that Jesus would baptize the people with the Holy Spirit and with fire (Luke 3:16) as did Joel (Joel 2:28-29). Every believer in the room received this blessing God’s presence is available to all who believe in Him.</b>
4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
<b>Everyone present was filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in languages other than their own. The Spirit’s indwelling marks the beginning of the Christian experience.
1. By the HS we belong to Christ (Rom 8:9);
2. By the HS we are united in Christ (1 Cor 6:17)
3. By the HS we are adopted as God’s child (Rom 8:14-17, Gal 4:6-7);
4. By the HS we become part of the body of Christ (1 Cor 12:13).
The HS is the teacher and change agent for the new life. He begins a lifelong process of moulding believers into Christ-likeness (Gal 3:3, Phil 1:6.) Those who receive Christ by faith begin a personal relationship with God and the Holy Spirit goes to work immediately to reproduce the life of Christ (2 Cor 3:18, Gal 4:19.)</b>
5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
<b>This event made clear to the Jerusalem church that God intended the gospel to be shared in all nations in their own languages.</b>
12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
<b>The “tongues” had a purpose, which was to communicate to the world the message of Christ (1 Cor 14:3). It was a sign for unbelieving Israel that the Messiah had come (1 Cor 1:22). The beginning of the witness of the apostles to the world.</b>
13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
<b>People were so amazed that they began to reach into their own understanding for an explanation of what was happening. Some were mocking while others were speculating that the believers were drunk.</b>
14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
<b>Confusion abounded until Peter delivered a convicting sermon.</b>
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
<b>Peter said it was much too early in the day for drunkenness, and he begins using his keys to open the door of the Kingdom for these devout Jews. </b>
16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
<b>Peter begins to challenge his audience: “Turn to God, and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins” (Acts 2:38). God through the Holy Spirit used this sermon, to draw about three thousand men and women to Himself.</b>
17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
<b>Salvation is available to everyone. Any individual who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. God’s special relationship with Israel would continue, but would now be broadened to include everyone who calls on the name of the Lord. From now on all (non believers to the Jews gentiles) who repented and received Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour, would be grafted in to Israel (Eph 2:14-22 amp) to partake of all the promises of God. (Acts 10:35 amp).</b>
22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
<b>The spirit of life in Christ Jesus Destroyed death and set us free (Rom 8:2.)</b>
25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
<b>Peter confirms that he and the others who had just experienced this Spirit’s coming, had been eye witnesses to the actual and predicted resurrection of Christ.</b>
33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
<b>Peter now confirms that Christ has not only risen, but is also now the exalted one, who occupies the throne of highest honor in heaven, at God’s right hand (5:30-31; Eph 1:20; Col 3:1; Heb 1:3; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; I Pet 3:22). Not only is Christ the predicted one in the psalms; not only has he risen from the grave. he now sits in the most authoritative, sovereign position in the universe, and this is why God through Jesus had the authority to pour out the Spirit, the results of which they could now both see and hear.</b>
34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
<b>Not speaking of David but of Christ, seated at the right hand of the Father (Mark 16:19, Ps 110:1, Heb 1:8).</b>
35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
<b>In the Name of Jesus Christ (Acts 19:5). To repent is to change your mind, change your thinking and understanding and receive Holy Ghost understanding (2 Mat 3:2, Cor 6:6), receive the baptism of the Holy spirit (Acts 1:5). Jesus said my peace I give to you (John 14:27) His peace is not the peace that mankind envisages, but is the Holy Spirit (Rom 14:17.) To receive the gift of the Holy Spirit is to receive the faith of Jesus Christ, for the Holy Spirit empowers and enables us to live in the rest of God (Heb 3:15.) God gives us the beginning, His voice which is the Holy Spirit and then by the Holy Spirit gives us the rest (Rom 8:13 amp.)</b>
39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God shall call.
40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
<b>The three thousand new believers joined with others of like mind and faith. </b>
42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.
<b>The word “awe” is the Greek word phobos, literally translated “fear.” This awe was partly caused by the many miraculous signs and wonders performed by the apostles. These signs and wonders authenticated the apostles’ message, identifying it as divine truth.</b>
44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;
45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
<b>The credit for the salvation of souls is not given to Peter’s preaching, or the miracle of the Holy Spirit's manifestations. It was the Lord who was adding to their number daily.</b>