1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side.
<b>In Jesus earlier teaching during the Sermon on the Mount, he had used clear instruction to teach His followers about the Kingdom of God, and He had exhibited the Kingdom in a tangible way through His miracles. Now He begins to teach the principles of how to live and abide in the Kingdom of God (God's way of doing and being right. (Matt 6:3.) In that verse Jesus told us to 'seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, to strive after it, He would not have said this if it were impossible to do, or if it was for some future time. In this following chapter He tells us how to seek and live in the kingdom, in doing so, opposition will require us to strive to attain.</b>
2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.
3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
<b>In the previous two chapters the Scribes and Pharisees rejected Jesus as Messiah. He now begins to speak in “parables.” There was hidden truth in the parables that could be received by open ears and hearts, even if they were only able to understand the story. To closed hearts, the parables would remain simply a story., but Jesus intention was for all to hear and receive. (Mark 4:9.) The word “parable” comes from two words: alongside and to cast. To cast as in a net a story alongside a principle. One-third of Jesus’ teaching was in parables.</b>
4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:
5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:
6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
<b>A seed in nature it increases to form more seeds when it is sown, unlike anything made by mankind which immediately begins to decay. If the seed (word of God which is eternal) is received in receptive ground (the heart, or soul) it will grow and produce more seed. If it is not received it will remain dormant and unable to grow and it will be lost (taken away) by the fowls of the air (satan) to be replaced by ideas (words which are temporary) of the world which decay.</b>
13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
<b>Their understanding is limited to what they know from experience and they are unable to receive the inner truth concerning the Kingdom of God contained in the parable, which would result in the word being stolen.
Natural minds cannot understand spiritual truths (1 Cor 2:14)</b>
14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
<b>The reason the parables are given, at any point they have the option to choose to change their minds and open their hearts, then they will understand and receive.</b>
16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
<b>Because their eyes and ears are open to receive, they are now blessed (empowered to understand.</b>
17 For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
<b>many have searched and searched in religion for truth and have not been able to understand.</b>
18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower.
<b>Receive by hearing with the heart (Rom 10:10)</b>
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
<b>Here Jesus states that the seed in the parable is the word of God (the sowing is the means). Understanding is the key (Prov 4:7) to retaining the word seed. Natural understanding, cannot understand the word of the kingdom the result is it will be stolen.
Understanding by the Holy spirit enables us to understand the things freely given us by God. (1 Cor 2:11-16)</b>
20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it;
<b>Jesus describes the steps in striving by faith toward walking in the Kingdom of God and the obstacles to retaining the seed (the word of God) so that it will grow, if it grows it will always produce. (1 Pet 1:23). Stony ground is a hard heart unprepared to strive in faith. (Phil 1:27)</b>
21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
<b>Offense will block receiving, we then strive in our own faith, not the faith of Christ</b>
22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
<b>Thorns, prickly challenges of life, the word is received, but they are so tied up with the world that they never become separated from it. So continue to walk in the ways of the world, desiring to fill themselves with it until the word is crowded out and there is no room for spiritual fruit to grow in them (1 John 2:15, Rom. 12:2 ).</b>
23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
<b>It is essential to hear with an open heart which is the good ground (Eph 3:17), by faith which is the means of receiving. The seed (word of God) is received into the ground (heart) through the eyes ears and mouth. (Prov 4:20-27.) Receive the word by the Holy Spirit brings understanding. (Acts 28:25-26.) Will establish us in love, out of love grows the fruit of the spirit, (The fruit of the spirit is one fruit, love producing 6 facets joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, (the faith of Christ) (Gal 5:22.) The degree to which we are prepared to strive in faith determines the level 10/60/30 produced, e.g.
1.Faith level No Faith (unbelief Mar 4:40)
2.Faith level temporary faith ( Luke 8:13)
3.Faith level active faith (Jam 2:22)
4. Faith level Most Holy Faith, Son ship (Jude 1:20 John 1:12 (power))</b>
24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:
<b>Good seed, (word) planted in good ground (prepared heart) begins to produce</b>
25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.
<b>He was sleeping and not striving in faith and so received words which were not the word of God (i.e.. someone told them they were ugly and this corrupted word began to produce the wrong fruit, insecurity, inferiority) </b>
26 But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also.
<b>The good seed produces fruit, it will always produce</b>
27 So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?
<b>Tare is darnel seed which is almost indistinguishable from wheat but are poisonous. Uprooting the tares would also mean uprooting the productive grain. </b>
28 He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?
29 But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.
30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
<b>The grains of the tares are long and black in contrast to the wheat, and are easily recognizable at harvest time. Many will profess Christianity (Christ one), but are unprepared to strive, allowing corrupt words in their lives, which grow up as corrupt fruit, instead of love, they grow as fear (Luke 6:43).</b>
31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:
<b>The mustard seed is small, but Jesus is illustrating that it is not the size but the seed and the nurturing (striving to maintain the faith of Christ, 1 Cor 3:5-9)</b>
32 Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.
<b>The mustard plant can grow to 10 feet able to support many birds nesting. The church was started with a handful of people whom Jesus had ministered to during His earthly ministry. But within a short period of time, a miraculous growth began with the addition of 3,000 souls on the Day of Pentecost (Ac 2:41) and 5,000 men (Ac 4:4) after the healing of the lame man in Ac 3. That growth still continues today and will continue in the future (Isa 9:7))</b>
33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.
<b>Speaking of incredible growth, just as in nature one seed can produce an orchard, so to with a woman who adds yeast to dough, so that it permeates the whole bread. In the same way, Christ can fill and saturate the whole life, so that the likeness of Christ is formed within the soul to reflect the born again spirit. This truth, applied to the individual, may also be applied to the church as a whole.(Rom 1:17, Matt 17:20)</b>
34 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:
35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.
37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
<b>The field is the world (Mt 13:38), the man buying the field is God, the treasure is the true believers in Christ, and the price that is paid is the very life of Jesus on the cross.</b>
45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:
46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
<b>The merchant would be God, and He found a remnant who would love and obey Him, which is the church (or pearl). God literally gave all that He had when He gave Jesus for our sins (Joh 3:16, 2Co 9:15) and purchased us unto Himself (Ac 20:28).</b>
47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:
<b>The sea is symbolic of the world where every kind of person dwells, both those who receive the gospel, the word of God and those that hear but refuse to receive. The net is all of the different ways that God is reaching out to the lost through His word in the church (His branches (John 15), His people, not a building). </b>
48 Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.
<b>We cannot make ourselves fit for the kingdom of heaven. Religion has deceived millions on this point. Many trust on attending church, good works, or trying to live the Christian life by being good and trying hard, which cannot be done, it is only by (Rom 8:13 amp) in Christ</b>
49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,
50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
51 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.
52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
<b>Jesus had been announcing the arrival (Mr 1:15) of the kingdom of God (Lu 17:20)and the parables were revealing how it operates. People would enter this kingdom through being born again (Joh 3:3) as a result of faith in God's Word being sown in their hearts (Ro 10:17, 1Pe 1:23, also illustrated in the parable of the sower - (Mar 4:14). The terms of this New Covenant were dramatically different from those of the past Testament Law (Ga 3:7-14); hence Jesus' question to His disciples in Mt 13:51, "Have ye understood all these things?" The disciples were to be like householders who display treasure of things new and old. The wisdom and understanding that they had received from Jesus about the kingdom of God was truly a treasure. They had a responsibility to bring it forth with both the new wisdom that had just been imparted to them and the old truths revealed to them in the writing of the prophets ("things new and old"). </b>
53 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works?
55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
<b>They were offended at Him and began to display unbelief, saying that Jesus was just a carpenters son, who could He have such wisdom.</b>
56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?
57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
58 And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief.
<b>When the Holy Spirit came, He came to convince regarding the Kingdom of God and His righteousness (John 16:9) to convince about unbelief and not trusting God, the result or fruit of unbelief is sin. (Jam 1:14-15.) This was Adams original sin, he did not believe God and unbelief was born into the world, which extends through to every person now born, the Bible calls it the sin of the flesh (Rom 8:3.) Unbelief will cause the word of God to become of no effect in the hearer (Mark 7:13), but totally effective and available in God.</b>