1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,
<b>Most of Jesus opposition came from the religious leaders.</b>
2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
<b>Their confidence was in their man made traditions rather than God. (Mark 7:13)
This tradition taught that an evil spirit could sit on the hands of people, when the hands were washed, the spirit was removed. It had no foundation in scripture and was part of their man made religion.</b>
3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
<b>Jesus ignored their traditions, because it was unscriptural. He then tells them that their tradition was causing them to transgress the commandment of God.</b>
4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
<b>The commandment of God was to honor and respect parents. The word honor, as Jesus teaching goes on to clarify, involves the idea of financial help and support in other ways.</b>
5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
<b>Substitution of the doctrines of men for the word of God revealed just how far the Pharisees hearts had become from God. They praised God with their mouths, but they failed to obey his commandments, revealing that their hearts were far from him</b>
9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
<b>These traditions were oral tradition, later written down as extra-biblical law. They were interpretations of the scriptural laws added over centuries. Eventually these interpretations were included in the law.</b>
10 And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand:
11 Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.
12 Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying?
13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.
16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding?
<b>Peter is using his natural understanding rather than understanding from the Holy Spirit.</b>
17 Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?
<b>Whatever food we eat is digested in the body and the nutrient extracted as waste expelled from the body. The food we eat has little effect on our spiritual lives (1 Tim 4:8).</b>
18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
<b>But what is revealed by a mans words come from his heart (Luke 6:45). Out of the heart comes forth words for God (faith) or words that are against God (fear).</b>
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
<b>Not whether or not we have washed our hands (which is of some benefit hygienically) but not when it is simply a religious observance. What comes out of the mouth will cause us to walk in faith (the word of God) in Christ, or walk in fear in ourselves outside of Christ. Whatever is sown by the mouth will receive the harvest, sowing fear will harvest fear, sowing love harvests love back in our lives (Gal 6:7).</b>
21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.
<b>The disciples are inadvertently continually attempting to control Jesus, to them their way of doing things was the way He should act. </b>
24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
<b>Jesus reminds them that His kingdom message was first to God's covenant people. After the rejection of the Messiah by Israel, Jesus then turned His focus to reach the people of any nation .God will always address His church body first. This woman was a gentile (Non Jewish), the gentiles would later be included as would be the whole of mankind.</b>
25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.
26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs.
<b>If what was given to the children of Israel was for them initially, it should not be offered to foreigners, who were considered by Israel to be like dogs</b>
27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.
<b>Like the woman with the issue of blood The woman is undeterred. What if she were considered like a dog, even dogs take a share in what is being given to the family. She determines that there is bound to be something for her. </b>
28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
<b>Again Jesus is moved by faith and not by need. By asking and knocking she was made whole and complete. (Matt 7:7)</b>
29 And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.
30 And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:
31 Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.
<b>It was not long since the feeding of the five thousand. Jesus had miraculously healed everyone there. </b>
33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?
<b>So soon after the last miraculous feeding and the disciples immediately look to the situation and their natural means to fulfill the request.</b>
34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.
<b>Seven symbolises completion, spiritual perfection (Josh 6:15, Rev. 10:7) </b>
35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.
<b>Again Jesus blesses (empowered for increase (2 Cor 9:10)) </b>
37 And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full.
38 And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women and children.
39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.
<b>Jesus sent them filled physically and spiritually, for the blessing of the Lord makes truly rich and adds no sorrow. (Prov 10:22)</b>