1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
<b>The chief priests and elders did not have the authority under their law, to put Jesus to death (Jn 18:31.) They had the power of life and death in every religious matter, but not in the case of blasphemy or false doctrine. This was the religious trial of Jesus. They had already decided to kill Jesus, but since they could not do it theme selves, their only option was to get the Roman government who had the right of execution in capital cases to do it for them. This was Passover and Jesus was to become the Passover Lamb, killed in fulfillment of the Scriptures (Ex 12:3-12.)</b>
2 And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
<b>Pilate was the Roman governor of Judea since A.D. 26, his headquarters were in Caesarea, on the Mediterranean coast, but being in Jerusalem for the Passover celebrations, he oversaw the trial. </b>
3 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
<b>The Greek for "repented" is one of regret rather than true repentance. Judas regretted that Jesus was condemned. It was a change of feeling rather than a change of attitude. </b>
4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
<b>They cared nothing for Judas' he had been very convenient for them and they had used him to fulfill their intention. </b>
5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
<b> Judas' love of money was one of his primary motives for betraying Jesus (Joh 12:6, 1Ti 6:10.) Yet the money was now unable to fill the emptiness and desperation he felt (Prov 10:21-22.) Having hanged himself it is likely the rope or the branch gave way (Acts1:18) and he fell into a ravine below, where his internal organs burst out causing him to lay in agony and die a double death.</b>
6 And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.
7 And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in.
8 Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day.
9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
<b>A reference in (Zech 11:12-13.) Jeremiah came first in the order of prophetic books, so the entire Prophets section was sometimes collectively referred to by one name 'Jeremiah'. </b>
10 And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.
11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
13 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?
14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
<b>(Isa 53:7), 'He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.'</b>
15 Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.
17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
<b>Pilate knew of Jesus innocence, but was looking for some diplomatic way of releasing Him. Pilate violated what he knew in his heart because of a fear of man (Pr 29:25) and what repercussions there may be for him and his political future. Without the help of the chief priests' he risked unrest among the people and possible punishment by Caesar for failure to govern well. In any event, Pilate was deposed by Tiberius Caesar just a few years later and died in exile in Gaul in A.D. 41. Pilate only gained five-years of his troubled rule. What people compromise to keep, they'll lose. Sin is never worth the price (Gal 6:7, Rom 6:23.)</b>
18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.
<b>Only Matthew records Pilate's wife coming to him with the details of her dream. she was the only one who spoke for, instead of against, Jesus' life during the trial. This dream undoubtably from God since she dreamed it before knowing of Jesus being brought to Pilate. This would be Pilate's final opportunity to reverse his verdict. Now Pilate not only carried a witness in his heart regarding Jesus' innocence, but also his wife with a very clear message through this dream.</b>
20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.
<b>Pilate had sent Jesus to Herod, hoping that Herod would pass judgment on Jesus and save him the trouble. When that scheme failed, he activated an old custom of releasing a prisoner to them at the feast, giving them a choice between Jesus and Barabbas, a known murderer. Pilate thought the crowd would automatically choose Jesus. </b>
22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
<b>What an awful condemnation for future generations was sown at that moment (Gal 6:7) and an invitation for satan to operate freely in their lives. In A.D. 70, when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans, up to 500 of the Jewish Nation were crucified per day. Since that time, history has been bathed in the blood of their generations.</b>
26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
<b>Jesus was scourged with a whip, a normal Roman procedure. The whip, made of leather straps on a wood handle, had a bone or piece of metal connected to the end of each strap. Strapped to a post, Jesus was whipped until the skin on the back was opened up. The whipping was a preparation for the process of crucifixion. Then Pilate having run out of options to enable him to release Jesus and still save face, he condemned Him to death. </b>
27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.
28 And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.
<b>(Mar 15:17, John 19:2) say it was “purple,” . The word for “robe” refers to a military cloak undoubtedly belonging to one of the soldiers. The soldiers were paying mock homage to Him by putting a military uniform on His bleeding body. </b>
29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
<b> “A reed imitating a sceptre, but flimsy-looking to appear ridiculous. Ridiculing Him, as if to say, "So you say you think you are the King of the Jews." The crown of thorns (Mark 4:7). </b>
30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.
<b>(Is 50: 6) I gave My back to those who struck Me, And My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.</b>
31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
<b>Crucifiction is one of the most agonising and painful of deaths taking hours to complete before death. This event was the climax of God’s purpose of salvation and legally allowed Jesus to become the door to eternal life in God through Christ (Rom 6:23, John 10:9). On the cross Jesus took the curse and paid for the sins of every person who lived or ever will live. Christ became a curse in the way that he died (Gal 3:13-14). By dying on a cross (tree, Deu 21:23), such a person is considered “cursed by God.” There are two curses in Gal 3. Jesus’ curse was different to our curse because Jesus DID abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and did them. Every person is born into the curse, under the law because we have not abode by God’s laws. Jesus purchased us (redeemed us) from this curse upon us.
By dying on the cross, Jesus became a curse on our behalf because he died in a way for all to see Him as rejected and cursed by God, according to Deu 21:23. As Isaiah prophecied (Is 53:4). 'yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted'. How do we esteem or consider Him “punished or struck by God? It was because he died on a cross (a tree) then, according to Deu 21:23, He would be considered as cursed by God. But Isaiah (Is 53:4) does not say that Jesus was punished by God. Paul does not say that Jesus was cursed by God Gal 3:13-14. We are the ones who considered him as punished by God. Jesus became a curse because of the way he died, in order that the blessing of Abraham might come on all thereafter, through Jesus Christ. That we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. </b>
32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
33 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.
<b>The "vinegar" was actually sour wine mixed with gall or myrrh (Mar 15:23). which had a deadening effect on the senses. Therefore, Jesus refused to drink, desiring to have His full senses and endure the complete extent of suffering for us on the cross. The second time Jesus was offered this sour wine (Mt 27:48, Joh 19:29-30), it was not mixed with anything but was simply given to quench His thirst and He received it. </b>
35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
36 And sitting down they watched him there;
37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
38 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.
39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,
40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.
<b>(Ps 22:6-8) prophesied that people would mock Jesus for they then viewed Him as charlatan.</b>
41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,
42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.
<b>Jesus did something greater than coming down from the cross. He rose from the dead, yet they didn't believe Him</b>
43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
44 The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
<b>(Luke 23:42) records that one thief repented and was saved. “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise. Makes no mention of water baptism and therefore refutes the unscriptural requirement made by some that water baptism is required for salvation. But enforces (Rom 10:9) That if you confess with your mouth, "Jesus is Lord," and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.</b>
45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
<b>This cry is a fulfillment of (Ps 22:1)Christ at that moment was experiencing the abandonment and despair of being separated from His Heavenly Father, separated by sin, a worse agony than even the cross itself. At this point of the crucifixion, when Jesus took on the sin of the whole world, God had to turn His head.
God cannot look upon sin that is not covered by the blood. He is pure.
God will burn it up. The sacrifice was not completed yet.</b>
47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.
48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.
49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him.
50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
<b>Jesus dismissed His spirit from His body and told it to go to the Father. His life was completely in His control and could only be terminated by Himself. Jesus had everything under control all the time. The cross was the greatest victory mankind has ever known. Jesus is no longer on the cross. He is not the suffering Christ. He is the victorious Christ.</b>
51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
<b>The curtain of the temple was to restrict access into the presence of God (Temple is the Greek word for The Holy of Holies). This veil was the thick veil that hung and was woven of 72 twisted pleats. Each pleat had 24 threads. The veil was 60 feet long and 30 wide. It took 300 priests to handle it.
High priest's only were allowed to gain access to the Holy of Holies once a year to make atonement for sins. This system came to an end with the death of Christ. The living door, the Way (Christ) was now open to God, for us through Christ and no longer by a priest making atonement for sin, Christ is now our eternal high priest (Heb 6:20), forever making intercession for us (Heb 7:25-28.) Now we have confidence to enter the presence of God by the blood of Christ (rather than by a sacrificial lamb). This ends the sacrificial system of the Old Testament. Christ finished the supreme sacrifice for sin.
(Heb 10: 19) Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh. This establishes the priesthood of every believer. and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split. We have two miracles in this verse: (1) the splitting of the veil and (2) an earthquake at the precise time of the death of Christ. These events show significance in the death of Christ.</b>
52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
<b>Resurrected saints went into the city of Jerusalem to be seen by many.</b>
54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
55 And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him:
56 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:
58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.
64 Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
<b> In their efforts to prevent people believing that Jesus was resurrected, they gave people one of the most sure proofs of His resurrection. By sealing the tomb it would be obvious if it had been opened (Mt 27:66), and they set a guard of soldiers to protect it. This removes all doubts that the followers of Jesus could have stolen away His body. Therefore, Jesus' enemies themselves became witnesses for all of history that Jesus literally rose from the dead.</b>
65 Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can.
<b>A watch of soldiers was four men (Ac 12:4). They had four soldiers stationed at the tomb with replacements every three hours.</b>
66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
<b>A clay seal was applied to the stone in such a way that it could be easily detected if the stone was moved. They attached official Roman seals to the stone at the tomb, in such a way that it could be easily detected if the stone was moved. Roman soldiers would have ensured that Jesus’ body was present in the tomb before sealing it. </b>