1 And he entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into his own city.
<b>Mark 2:1 tells us that this was Capernaum.</b>
2 And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee.
<b>Here we see that this sick man certainly needed help, but it was not the sick man's need for healing that moved Jesus, but Jesus is moved by faith, as is God (Heb 11:6.) It was not only the faith of the paralytic that Jesus saw but also the tremendous faith of his four friends (Mark 2:3.) They would stop at nothing to bring the man before Jesus, including removing the roof! Why did Jesus minister forgiveness of sins to this man instead of ministering to his obvious need for healing? It may have been that this man's paralysis was a direct result of sin in his life, that had not been forgiven, which would allow satan to keep him in bondage (Rom 6:16). But as Jesus forgives his sin, the man is then free to receive all the blessings of God, which certainly includes healing (De 7:15 and Ps 103:3).</b>
3 And, behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth.
<b>The “scribes” were the Jurors and legislators of the nation of Israel. </b>
4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?
<b>satan was using the scribes to attempt to counter the healing that had just taken place, by attempting to entrap Jesus. </b>
5 For whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and walk?
6 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house.
<b>Jesus uses the term 'Son of man' signifying that on earth, He is operating as a man anointed of God (Acts 10:38).
This is important because as a 'Son of man' Jesus shows us that we too being sons of men, can also do those things that He does (John 14:12) over satan and his works, when we are standing in His authority, His Word (Luke 10:19). If He were operating exclusively as the 'Son of God' (who He also is) then only He would be able to do those things. But He came as a man anointed of god ( Phil 2:1-11), so that we would be able to walk in Him and through the Holy spirit do those things and the greater things(John 14:12). Without being the Son of Man, Jesus would never have been able to shed His blood for our sins or stand in judgment of this world (Joh 5:27). Because of His humanity, He is also able to be a compassionate and faithful High Priest (Heb 2:17 and 4:15). </b>
7 And he arose, and departed to his house.
<b>In this instance, it is evident that the paralytic himself also had faith because he got up and obeyed Jesus' command. Taking up his bed was a sign that his days of begging were over and he was returning home. (Mark 2:12)</b>
8 But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.
9 And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
<b>This is Matthew, then a tax collector to whom authorship of this Gospel is attributed, Jesus does not look at the outer man and his profession, but looks at his heart (1 Sam 16:7).</b>
10 And it came to pass, as Jesus sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples.
<b>This was Matthew's house and Jesus was more than happy to sit down with all those that Matthew had invited, this was a wonderful opportunity to reach them.</b>
11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?
<b>These religious scribes and Pharisees (Lu 5:30) were making the terrible mistake of trusting in their own efforts to produce their right standing (righteousness) with God.
They wanted to enforce their religious views on others</b>
12 But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.
<b>The Pharisees should have been well in spirit, but they thought that they did not have any needs. And they had no interest in people who did have needs Just as a doctor spends time with those who are sick, Jesus came to minister to those that were prepared to receive Him. The Pharisees should have been well in spirit. But they thought that they did not need Him. But on the contrary they were the ones who were sick in spirit. Jesus constantly gave them opportunities to repent but they were intent on enforcing their religious thinking and wanted to destroy Him.</b>
13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
<b>'Go and learn' is a phrase that was used by them when explaining a passage of scripture, Jesus reasoning is, that his conversation, with publicans and sinners, was an act of mercy and compassion and an opportunity for them to change their thinking, rather than attending to the traditions of the elders. Jesus did not come to accept people's sacrificial acts but to make Himself a sacrifice for their sins. Jesus could only minister to those who knew they were sick spiritually and were looking to God for mercy (Mic 6:6-8 and 1Pe 5:5).</b>
14 Then came to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not?
<b>The Pharisees fasted twice a week ( Luke 18:12 ) so that they could appear righteous before others rather than trying to draw closer to God.
Jesus explained why his disciples did not fast. They had no reason to fast while he was alive. But as he foretold, they fasted and mourned when he died because they did not know why his death was allowed.
After receiving the holy spirit at Pentecost, however, they were enlightened and no longer fasted in sorrow. </b>
15 And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.
<b>Fasting was usually a sign of sorrow. He was himself the Bridegroom, and still with his disciples. When the bridegroom will be taken from them. An allusion especially to the crushing sorrow when he was crucified and buried. Real fasting takes place when there is real occasion for it (Acts 13:2, Acts 14:23, Acts 13:2, Co 6:5, Co 11:27) </b>
16 No man putteth a piece of new cloth unto an old garment, for that which is put in to fill it up taketh from the garment, and the rent is made worse.
<b>A reference to the Pharisees wanting to maintain their old, worn out religious rules. In the beginning God had given the ten commandments (Psalm 111:7,8.) Moses' law was the temporary, ceremonial law. It regulated the priesthood, sacrifices, rituals, meat and drink offerings. The Law was difficult to follow and was seen as a heavy yoke (Acts 15:10), but the scribes made following the Law even harder because of their religious traditions and interpretations</b>
17 Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved.
<b>An example given which all could understand, with a deeper meaning.
The holy Spirit, represented by new wine Eph 5:18 and the folly of the Scribes and Pharisees, in their zealous attachment to the traditions of the elders, were settled upon the old principle of self-righteousness.
But sinners, whom he renews by His Spirit and grace are to be filled with the Holy Spirit (Prov 3:10).</b>
18 While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.
<b>Jairus the ruler of the synagogue in Capernaum (Luke 8:41-42) This ruler had heard of Jesus and knew from his reputation that he could heal..</b>
19 And Jesus arose, and followed him, and so did his disciples.
<b>Jesus is again moved by faith, the request made by Jairus. was made in the faith that Jesus could heal.</b>
20 And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment:
<b>Jesus is again moved by faith, the request made by Jairus.</b>
21 For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole.
<b>Here is amazing faith, the woman was not looking at Jesus; reputation but she kept on saying on the inside( Josh 1:8) soon the word that she was meditating on would be manifest as healing. She spoke her prayer, acted on her prayer of faith and prophesied her outcome.</b>
22 But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.
<b>Jesus stops on his way to Jairus house and is again moved by faith. He confirms to the woman that it was not Him, but her faith which had made the connection through Jesus, bringing healing virtue from God to manifest within her as healing. (Luke 12:32) Confession of our faith is an important part of our receiving from God (Mt 10:32, Ro 10:9-10. This woman's confession was within herself, not even audible, yet her faith made her whole (Mt 9:22).</b>
23 And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise,
<b>Jesus confirms, it was not Him, but her faith which had made the connection through Jesus, bringing healing virtue from God and manifest in her as healing. (Luke 12:32).</b>
24 He said unto them, Give place: for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn.
<b>They saw only death, but in himself Jesus saw life, for he is life (John 14:6).</b>
25 But when the people were put forth, he went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose.
<b>Jesus did not want a room full of unbelief (Mark 6:5), so He puts out the scornful.</b>
26 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land.
27 And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou son of David, have mercy on us.
28 And when he was come into the house, the blind men came to him: and Jesus saith unto them, Believe ye that I am able to do this? They said unto him, Yea, Lord.
29 Then touched he their eyes, saying, According to your faith be it unto you.
30 And their eyes were opened; and Jesus straitly charged them, saying, See that no man know it.
<b>These blind men had faith., but without works (without wisdom, Jam 1:5, Jam 2:18) As they did not heed Jesus' instruction (John 2:5).</b>
31 But they, when they were departed, spread abroad his fame in all that country.
32 As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a devil.
33 And when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake: and the multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel.
34 But the Pharisees said, He casteth out devils through the prince of the devils.
35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.
36 But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.
37 Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few;
38 Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
<b>We are born again through the power of the Word of God (Ro 10:14-17 and 1Pe 1:23), not through prayer. Prayer is very important, but it is not a substitute for the Gospel (Ro 1:16-17). Many of us petition God for others to be saved and can't understand why it hasn't happened yet. We don't have to ask the Lord to save people. He isn't willing that anyone should perish (2Pe 3:9). He has already made provision for everyone's salvation (Joh 3:16, 1 Jo 2:2). How then can we pray concerning others coming to the Lord? Jesus said to pray that the Lord would send laborers across their paths. They need to hear the Word (Ro 10:14-17). Also, we should bind the influence of the god of this world (satan) who tries to blind them to spiritual truth (2Co 4:4). God is motivated to save our loved ones, we don't need to plead with Him, but rather we need to become a channel for Him to flow through to reach those people. We do that by sharing the good news (Gospel) with them and/or praying that other Christians will come across their paths who will do the same.</b>