John refers to the beginning as being the point at which the heavens and the earth were created (Gen. 1:1). There was an eternity before the creation in which God existed. God did not come out of the beginning, the beginning came out of God. Jesus is the Word of God (John 1:14). Jesus was not born but 'proceeded forth' from the Father (John 8:42.)
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
Existing as one but three separate identities and personalities. God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit, eternal as one (Mat 28:19).
3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
(Gen. 1:1-3). God the Father spoke, it was the Living Word who performed the action as the Holy Spirit moved in power on the face of the waters.
4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
In God is the Word (Jesus), when God spoke life into Adam, God breathed the spirit, or breath of life into Adam. Life comes from the spirit and the Word becomes manifest as flesh (John 1:14)
5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
Fallen darkness had no understanding of the light , for if they had known they would not have crucified The Lord of Glory. (1 Cor 2:8) Which tells us who is responsible for Jesus being crucified, fallen darkness working through mankind.
6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
John the Baptist came to bear witness, or as a forerunner.
8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
But John the Baptist was not the true Light but was the forerunner to prepare the way.
9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
Christ is the true Light, to be fully trusted. He came to bring light to every one who has ever been or will be born in the world. This statement reveals that Christ is the only way to life; there is no other way to God (John 14:6.)
10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
John defines ‚Äúreceiving Christ‚Ä? as believing or trusting in Him. All are free to choose to believe, but only those who do so are born of God by the power of the Holy Spirit (John 3:3). Christ opened the way back to God so that through Him, by the Holy Spirit, the way back to God is open.
13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
We can now stand in Him, because there is only one who is justified (made right with God) and that is Christ. (Rom 5:1). For all have fallen short of the glory of God outside of Christ because of a sinful nature (Rom 6:6, Rom 3:23). When we stand in Him, by standing in His Word we are made the righteousness (made right ) with God (Rom 3:24-26).
14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
(1 Cor 1:30) When we stand in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God. Wisdom is available to us, as is righteousness, holiness and redemption. When we stand in Him the Father looks at us and sees Christ without sin and blameless (Col 1:22, Jud 1:24).
15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.
16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
Everyone who receives and stands in Jesus Christ as their Saviour (and John includes himself among them) receives His fullness. All that He is now ours (Col. 2:9-10).
17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Moses brought the law, the standard which God gave to show man that when he missed the mark and sinned, his sin, through the priest could be carried back to God. But the law gave him no power to change. Jesus Christ brought grace and truth by which man is brought back into a right relationship with God, justified from the laws demands he is, by the indwelling Holy Spirit enabled to live a life that is pleasing to God (Rom 8:13 amp).
18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
19 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou?
20 And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ.
21 And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No.
22 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?
23 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.
John had no doubts as to who he was and quotes from Isaiah the prophet that he was the one spoken of as being the forerunner or herald of the Christ (Isa. 40:3). The one who would pave the way for the people to receive the Lord.
24 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees.
25 And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?
26 John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not;
27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose.
28 These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.
29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
John declares that Jesus Christ was the one who would give his life upon the cross as a sacrifice for the sin of the world, for your sin and mine and would 'take away that sin because in Him there is no sin', which is why we must be in Him (2 Cor 5:21).
30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me.
31 And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
32 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.
33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
(Mat 3:11) He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire.
34 And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
John states that he saw this happen and testifies that Jesus is the Son of God even as the voice from heaven declared (Matt. 3:17).
35 Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples;
36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!
37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.
38 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou?
39 He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour.
Jesus does not simply call us to live a certain way of life - he calls us to come into and abide in him (John 15:7).
His invitation is for everyone (Matt. 11:28). Jesus does not force himself on His disciples. As they seek, so he draws them to himself by question and invitation. Not only has Christ given an invitation to all, He will receive all who come to Him (John 6:37).
40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.
41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
Messias means anointed saviour, the Christ.
42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.
43 The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me.
44 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.
45 Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.
46 And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see.
The whole country of Galilee was held in contempt with the Jews; but Nazareth was so mean a place, that it seems it was even despised by its neighbours, by the Galileans themselves (Mark 6:4).
47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
48 Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.
This was evidence enough for Nathaniel. He is only the second person, after John the Baptist, recorded to have recognized Christ as the Son of God and the rightful King of Israel, in other words the Saviour God promised to David - the Messiah or Christ (2 Sam. 7:12-13).
50 Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these.
51 And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.
These words signify the power of God which would appear in Christ's ministry, which Nathanael would witness, by the angels serving him as the head of the Church.