1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:
2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed means happy, to be envied, fortunate empowered to succeed (Josh 1:8) are the poor in Spirit not poor materially but poor refers to a contrite spirit (Ps 34:18). Those who are ready to hear the Gospel and ready to receive. For Jesus came to preach the Gospel (Luke 4:18) to them that will receive Christ (who is the kingdom of heaven, God's way of doing and being right) and be born again (John 3:3).
4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
The progress to happiness, begins with godly sorrow in heart regarding "missing the mark in life." which robs us of our peace, joy, satisfaction and true rest. God's way is for us to live our lives in Christ, which brings satisfaction and His peace Prov 10:22. Those that have a heart to respond shall be empowered by the coming comforter, the Holy Spirit soon to be manifest on earth. John 15:26
5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Meek or humble, those who are prepared to humble themselves under God's hand shall be empowered.
6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Empowered by the Holy Spirit to be in righteousness or right standing with God.
7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Empowered are the merciful, having compassion (Luke 10:33).
8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Pure or clean (John 15:3-4) in heart motivated to abide in Christ , in the Anointed one and His Anointing, the Holy Spirit. To see God, we are seated in Heavenly places in Christ Jesus Eph 2:6 when we die in Him we are immediately with Him 2 Cor 5:8, we see God through Christ (John 14:9).
9 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
Jesus came to bring the peace of God, not the peace that man attempts to attain (John 14:27) those that dwell in His peace shall become the children of God John 1:12.
10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Those who stand in Christ are called the righteousness of God, when persecution comes (Mark 4:17) those that continue to stand in Him shall enter into the Kingdom of heaven (John 3:5 Mat 7:21).
11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Empowered to succeed are you when men shall revile you or abuse you to your face because of your stand in Christ (Acts 14:22).
12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Count it all joy (Jam 1:2). In the world you will have trouble but when it comes, it does not have to overcome, you will be empowered to succeed because Christ has overcome the world system, the world's way of doing things by making available God's system God's way of doing and being right (John 16:33).
13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
Salt is a type of the Word of God, hold fast to the word (Phil 2:16) which will enable us to complete the race.
With the Word, we are without excuse. Salt also indicates prudence, exercising good judgment and discretion. It suggests a wise self restraint, resisting rash impulse (Jam 1:2).
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
Jesus is referring to abiding in Him John 15:7 He is the light of the world, whoever is in Him, dwells in the light of the world (John 8:12).
15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
Anyone that is in Christ (2 Cor 5:17) becomes an extension of the Light of God. There are two places to be, in Adam is walking in our own way of thinking and understanding, meaning we live life with using our own intelligence, consequently we become separated from God when we no longer think we need Him. In Christ is to walk in the Kingdom of God, Gods way of doing and being right and to inherit eternal life.
17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Walking in their own ways as the Pharisees did, leads to separation from God unable to walk in the Kingdom of Gods way.
21 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:
22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Jesus clearly states that if we are walking in Adam, our own thinking, we are in danger of walking into hell fire by our own actions.
23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;
24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.
26 Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.
27 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:
28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Jesus is explaining in great detail what it means to walk in their own thinking and understanding, His hearts cry is for all to walk in Him in the newness of life and receive the power, wisdom and understanding from the Holy Spirit who is the understanding of God. (Is 11:2).
29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
31 It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:
32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
33 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:
34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.
36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.
37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.
38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
40 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.
41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.
42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.
44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?
47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?
48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
Remaining in Christ we stand in perfection, safety and security, for He is the door (John 10:7) to perfection in God who is perfect (Eph 4:13).