Acts, written by the physician Luke (Col. 4:14) after he had first researched and written the Gospel of Luke to Theophilus, a Greek public official and friend. This Book of Acts is the sequel.
2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen:
Apostles means 'those who are sent) Jesus’ instructions included taking the Gospel to the whole world. (Luke 24:47). He had personally chosen the 12 apostles. (Luke 6:13-16; John 15:16). His direction was from God through the Holy Spirit.
3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:
After His resurrection from the dead, He appeared to many.
1. To several different persons at different times.
2. Ate and drank with them.
3. Allowed then to touch His resurrected body.
4. Appeared to five hundred persons at once, over 40 days (1 Cor 15:6).
5. To Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, (Mat 28:1-9).
6. To the two disciples on their way to Emmaus, (Luk 24:15).
7. To Simon Peter, (Luk 24:34).
8. To ten of the apostles, (Luk 24:36, John 20:19).
9. To the eleven disciples, (John 20:26).
4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me.
John 14:16 The holy Spirit was promised to come with power (Mar 9:1, Act 1:8).
5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
First important mention of the baptism of the Holy Ghost., as Jesus had been baptised in water as a witness to all (Mat 3:11) and received the Holy Ghost with power. Now the disciples are about to be baptised into the Holy Ghost and receive power, wisdom and guidance for the task ahead (Luk 10:19).
6 When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?
The disciples were hoping for some kind of physical earthly kingdom in which they would have a primary part (Mat 20:21).
7 And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power.
God does not work by time, but by seasons (Ecc 3:1) In the world, in a nation or city; no remarkable event has happened, or shall happen, to the sons of men, but God reveals his secret to His prophets in due season (Amos 3:7, Gal 6:9).
8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
It was necessary for Jesus to come from heaven, enter earth legally through a woman (Luke 1:34), followed by His crucifiction and resurrection. This allowed the Holy Spirit to come, entering the earth legally through Christ and reside in the spirit of men and woman who have received Him as their saviour ( John 16:8 Acts 2:2-4). The Holy Spirit can now work in our lives and through the power of the Holy Spirit, we have enablement to put to death the deeds prompted by the body (Rom 8:13 amp.) Fullfilling Christ's great commission and the reason He was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil (1 John 3:8).
9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
Luke 24:50 says 'He lifted up his hands and blessed them' God is fulfilling through Christ His promise to 'bless all the work of your hands' This is the blessing, the empowerment to succeed, that God promised (Deu 28:12), which was transferred to Abraham (Gen 12:1-3), now transferred to the disciples and in turn was transfrred to all born again believers (Eph 1:3 amp) through the Holy Spirit (Gal 3:14, Gal 3:29).
10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Jesus Christ (The Anointed one), shall descend from heaven in like manner as he was seen by his disciples to ascend, (1 Th 4:16).
12 Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey.
13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James.
14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.
Waiting for the promise of the Father, according to the direction of the Lord and in one accord (Ps 133) For there the Lord bestows His blessing.
15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)
16 Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.
Jesus had referred to (Ps 41:9) when He predicted what Judas would do in John 13:18. The betraying of Christ was not accidental, or a thing that happened by chance, but was the event that took place which allowed Jesus to fulfil his predicted destiny. He shall bruise your heel, the event predicted by God in the garden (Gen 3:15). Christ will finally conquer the power of sin and death (1 Cor 15:26, 1 Cor 15:57.)
17 For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry.
18 Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
19 And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.
20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take.
21 Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,
22 Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.
23 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.
24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
26 And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
Not yet having received the Holy Spirit guidance (John 16:13) they fell back on their tradition, the old way of making a decision. (Lev 16:8, Prov 16:33.)