1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.


<b>Sadducees a Jewish sect (Ac 5:17) both political and religious. They opposed the Pharisees, as they differed on various doctrinal and political issues. They rejected oral tradition which the Pharisees had crafted into their legislation which was a huge burden for the people that attempted to adhere to it. They accepted only the written law .and believed that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit (Ac 23:8.) However, when Jesus posed such a threat to their position, as in the cleansing of the temple, Mr 11:15-18), they  became alarmed and decided to take action (Joh 11:47.) Having a common cause, the destruction of Jesus , the Sadducees united with their traditional enemies, the Pharisees. Both parties then worked together to have Jesus arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin (Mr 14:53 and 15:1).</b>


2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.


<b>When the sky was evening red, they took this for a sign of fair weather.</b>


3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?


<b> but they were so blinded in themselves with their unbelief that they could not see the fulfillment of the signs in the scriptures given by the prophets regarding the Messiah standing before their very eyes. </b>


4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.


<b> Jesus points out that only those that are in unbelief and are unfaithful to God ask for signs. He tells them the only sign they will receive is that like Jonah who was three days and three nights in the belly of the fish, Jesus will die and  rise again after three days and nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40, Jonah 3: 4,5).  </b>


5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.


6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.


<b>The beliefs and teachings of the Pharisees and Sadducees were part of religion, man's interpretation of who they think God is. Religion (from Latin religio, to bind) seeks to appear righteous (2 Tim 3:5), but like the yeast in bread it grows and spreads like tentacles contaminating faith from the inside out. (Heb 11:1 nlt) Faith is the confidence that what we hope for will actually happen, when we are rooted and grounded in the faith of Jesus Christ (Col 1:27.) When confidence is placed in what mankind is saying in a religious way, it becomes a form of godliness that enslaves and ensnares generations. Religion has nothing to do with who God is and what He is doing, but is concerned with mankind's interpretation of who He is and what He is doing, in effect religion becomes a god. (Gal 4:9 amp.) Religion is rooted in and grows from it's father, satan the father of lies (John 8:44).</b>


7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread.


<b>Reasoning is acting out of our own mind and thinking and will always draw us away from God and what He is doing (His Way, Christ (Is 55:8.) A religious mind and thinking will be centred on the practicalities of everyday life and how to navigate life using natural thinking and ability. Only those things that seem logical are considered. This ties us to the realm of temporal things and not the things of God which are eternal.(Mark 8:33, Rom 12:2). </b>


8 Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread?


<b>Jesus confirms that reasoning is outside of His faith and their faith level is low. Natural understanding (human wisdom)stems from the spirit of the world, satan (1 Cor 2:13-14). The understanding of God is the Holy Spirit. (1 Cor 2:12, Is 11:2)) </b>


9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?


<b>Their understanding was still centred in logical natural understanding.

The Holy Spirit, who is the understanding of God (Is 11:2) brings the wisdom and revelation of Christ. (1 Cor 2:12-13)</b>


10 Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?


11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?


12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.


13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?


14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.


15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?


<b>It little matters what others say to us, the question is "Who do you say that Jesus is to you?" Jesus did not ask them this for His own benefit for He knew who He was but that He may bring them to answer this leading question. They had been with Him sometime now and had heard His teachings and seen the mighty things He had done so "who do you say I am"</b>


16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.


<b>You are the Anointed One (anointed by the Holy Spirit ) the Messiah (Luke 4:18)</b>


17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.


<b>Blessed (empowered by revelation, the wisdom of God (Is 11:2)) For this did not come from mankind or mankind's religion. Peter you are now not speaking from your own understanding, but by the understanding of the Living God. This came direct from the throne room of God (Matt 6:9-13)).</b>


18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.


.<b>Many interpret this to mean that Peter was to become foundation on which Christ would build His church. This would be in direct opposition to (1Co 3:10-11) in which no other foundation can be laid than that which is already laid Jesus Christ. That we are being built into Him with Jesus Christ as the foundation and chief cornerstone. (Eph 2:20-22, 1Pe 2:4-9.) (1 Col 13-18) Clearly states that Jesus Christ is the head of the body and the church (the church is all born again believers (John 3:3, it means those called out)  not the building.) Then Church then, would be built not on a man, but on God Himself through Christ, by then Holy Spirit. (Ps 127:1.) Upon this rock then, is the rock Jesus Christ (1 Cor 10:4) and Peter's revelation of Christ as the rock, the chief cornerstone, upon which He would build His church. Jesus said that Simon was a Peter ( Petra means a fragment of rock) and Peter called Jesus the "living stone" and the "chief corner stone" ( 1 Peter 2:4-6) Jesus called Peter a fragment of the rock, Himself. Paul speaks of Jesus Christ as the foundation that the church is built on (1 Corinthians 3:11 and Romans 9:33).  It is because Christ builds His Church that the gates of Hell shall not overpower it.</b>


19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.


<b>The keys are the symbol of authority (Is 22:22) that Jesus would give shortly (Luke 10:19) that in His Name, not only Peter and the other disciples, but all who are in Christ can bind things on earth and it shall happen because they have been bound in heaven and whatever is loosed on earth will be done because it has been loosed in heaven. This power and authority in His Name is not over people, but over all the power of the enemy, satan. Fulfilling the reason Jesus was made manifest to destroy the works of the devil.  (1 John 3:8, Acts 10:38)</b>


20 Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.


<b>Israel were not yet ready for this revelation, they had rejected Jesus as the Messiah,  because He did not conform to their notions about the work of the Messiah.</b>


21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.


22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.


<b>The disciples also had there preconceived idea of the Messiah. and Peter was attempting to correct Jesus to his concept of the Messiah. Israel believed that the Messiah, the prophet which Moses spoke about, would come and deliver them from Roman bondage and set up a kingdom where they would be the rulers. </b>


23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.


<b>Amazing since Jesus had just told Peter blessed are you (Matt 16:17) Jesus knew that it was satan using Peter to get in the way in order to hinder God's plan to be fulfilled. So he rebukes Satan and tells Peter that He is seeing things only from an human point of view and not God's. </b>


24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.


<b>To those He calls there is a price in following Him.

To deny means to utterly separate, to completely disown from something. The self to which Jesus refers here is not the person but personal goals and motives. The words “take up” indicate that a person is willing to pay a price for the cross. The disciple is ready to accept what the Lord consigns to him. He is willing to pay any price to follow and walk in Him. This means we are no longer are the shepherd of our own life, but that He is The Shepherd and has the right to direct our life (Ps 23). </b>


25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.


<b>If the price seems to high, whoever wants to save his own life and live for self only, will walk in his own destiny outside of Christ on his own abilities, natural abilities against a spiritual enemy, satan are innefective and he will lose his life. But whoever is prepared to give his life for the sake of Jesus Christ, will save it. In Christ is all spiritual ability to overcome a spiritual enemy. (John 16:33, 1 Corinthians 15:30-31 and Romans 8: 36-37)</b>


26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?


<b> It does not make sense to own everything in the world and lose eternity, our souls. We have to leave possessions behind in the finality of eternity. When we die everyone spends eternity, the question is which address do we spend eternity in? (Matt 7:13-14) </b>


27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.


28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.

<b>There were those who were present with Him now who will live to see many enter into the Kingdom of God by the preaching of Salvation through Him (Acts 2:41-47)</b>