1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.


<b>Paul's message of the grace of God, providing a way for the Gentiles to become a part of the true Israel of God through Christ and the new birth, without becoming Jews was a startling revelation.

Through the proceeding chapters, Paul has addressed the objections that could arise as a result of this message.

Here he answered the criticism that this would mean God had forsaken the Jewish nation.

Basically, Paul was saying that Jews are not excluded, but that they just aren't favored over the Gentiles</b>


2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,


3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.


<b>A reference to (1 Kings 19:10).</b>


4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.


5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.


<b>'According to the election of grace', according to the purpose of God, He has elected (determined), that by His grace, "he that believes shall be saved.". (Mark 16:16)</b>


6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.


<b>For it is by free grace (God's willingness to be involved in every area of our lives and His unmerited favor) that we are saved.

Then it is no more of works of the individual or works obeying the law of Moses. 

For if it be of works, then it is no more grace.</b>


7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.


<b>There are still a great number of Jews who reject God's saving grace, but God has not rejected His covenant people.

The conclusion then is that those in Israel who embrace salvation by grace are born again.</b>


8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.


<b>Those who receive Christ, obtain access to the promised blessing through Christ, (Eph 1:3 amp)

Those who seek these blessings by attempting to keep the law of Moses, fail to do so.

Those who reject Christ and refuse God's grace harden themselves and stand outside of Christ locked in a spirit of slumber, in which they are unable to understand the gospel and be saved. (1 Cor 2:14)</b>


9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:


<b>The Jews can still be saved and  there are Old Testament scriptures which declare that there will be a future time, when the whole nation of Israel will once again come back into God's fold (Rom 11:26-27).</b>


10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.


11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.


<b>God in His grace still has an amazing plan for srael. However, through Israels rejection of the gospel, God brought His salvation to the Gentiles. This had always been God's plan. (Gen 22.18). </b>


12 Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?


13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:


14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.


15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?


16 For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.


<b>The Jewish people were set apart to God, and were regarded as holy by Him because of His promises made to their ancestors.</b>


17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;


<b>Some Jews in unbelief, were broken off from privileges of a covenant relationship with God.

This does not mean that God has finished his purpose for the whole nation.

For when a Gentile (non Jew) believes in Christ, he is “grafted in” to the fulfillment of the blessings which were promised to Abraham.

The “richness of the olive tree” are the spiritual blessings promised to Israel in Christ.</b>


18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.


<b>Paul warns the non Jewish converts against the temptation of believing that they were more special in God's eyes and that God may have abandoned Israel in favour of them.

Salvation of both Jew and non Jew comes through the blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant.

The wild branches benefit from the root of the tree.

Believing non Jews now benefit in the blessing. (Eph 1:3)

If we do boast it must be in the root which upholds us and makes us secure in God's grace, that root is Jesus Christ.

Since we are now in Christ, we share in the gracious promise God made to the Jews ancestors.</b>


19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.


20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:


21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.


22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.


23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.


<b>Those who are Jews cut off by unbelief, will be grafted in again when they believe in Christ.

For if God can graft a wild plant onto a root stock, then he can certainly graft in a natural branch of that root. Israel can be restored to the purposes of God.</b>


24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?


25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.


26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:


<b>The deliverer shall come (Is 59:20)

It was only some Jews who did not believe, not the whole nation. When the last Gentile convert is gathered in, God will fulfill his purpose by saving the whole nation who are alive at that time.

Through a period of great trouble, all Israel shall be converted to Christ. </b>


27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.


28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.


<b>God chose their fathers that Israel might be His own special people. All the promises He has made concerning Israel will be kept.

God will continue to have a special concern and interest for the Jewish people until those promises are fulfilled. Christian believers are to love the Jews as a nation with whom God will still have future dealings.</b>


29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.


<b>God does not repent of his gifts to the Jews, or his calling of the non Jews.

Regardless of what an individual does, God doesn't withdraw His gifts and callings.

We make the choice to withdraw from His gifts and callings, when we choose to disbelieve God and walk outside of Christ in our own unrenewed mind.</b>


30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:


31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.


<b>Just as through the nations rejection of Christ, God brought salvation to the non Jews, so by having mercy on us, He will show himself just in having mercy on them.</b>


32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.


<b>God suffered both Jews and non Jews to turn away from Him in unbelief.

He suffered the gentiles in the early age to revolt and then received the family of Abraham by faith as a seed to himself.

Afterwards as they also turned away from Him in unbelief, He took in the believing non Jews.

This God did to bring them both to Himself through faith.

Paul has shown that there is no difference between Jews and non Jews.

Since we all have sinned and come short of the glory of God, we all can be made righteous through Jesus Christ (Romans 3:20-31).</b>


33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!


<b>How wonderful is God's plan of redemption. God did not develop His plan in response to events that unfolded, (Is 46:10) but since before the foundation of the world, Christ came to reconcile the world to Himself. (1 Pet 1:20, John 3:16)

God knew what would happen when sin entered at the creation of mankind.

God knew Israel would reject him as their Messiah, but he still sent Jesus to the cross as the ransom for many.  

Because in his infinite wisdom and knowledge he had declared the plan, the end from the beginning (Is 46:10) and brought the world back to Himself.

"But all things are from God, Who through Jesus Christ reconciled us to Himself [received us into favor, brought us into harmony with Himself] and gave to us the ministry of reconciliation [that by word and deed we might aim to bring others into harmony with Him]." (2 Cor 5:18)</b>


34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?


<b>How wonderful is the mind of God (Is 40:13)

"For who has understood the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?" But we have the mind of Christ, the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:16)</b>


35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?


<b>God did not come out of the beginning, the beginning came out of God.

He stands as the Creator of all, the Giver of all life and gifts.

He shall bring all His creation home, purged by His judgment, restored by His grace, that all may witness to His glory everlastingly.</b>


36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.


<b>Since God stands over creation He is supreme over everything in creation.

God's grace not only extends to salvation but to the entire creation. We depend on Him for everything. He Himself does not need anything.

The wonder and glory of God is evidenced in the whole of creation. When we seek God and pursue God's glory as our highest aim, it brings us into Christ, God's highest good.</b>